Meaning of production management

May 29th, 2015
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What is job design? Introduction The nature of work and its organization has interested managers, economists and social scientists for as long as people have been employed by others to engage in productive activity. Managers have largely been interested in maximizing output from available resources. Economists and social scientists have raised questions about the organization of work in relation to issues of the individual and society in general. The aims of this section are to:

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PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENTWhat is job design?IntroductionThe nature of work and its organization has interested managers, economists and social scientists for as long as people have been employed by others to engage in productive activity. Managers have largely been interested in maximizing output from available resources.Economists and social scientists have raised questions about the organization of work in relation to issues of the individual and society in general. The aims of this section are to: Define selected terms applicable to job design and work organization Examine the aspects of traditional thinking applicable to job design and work organization Propose alternative factors to be considered that take cognizance of employees needs Generate some ideas on how these factors may be applied in work situations in existing and new organizationsStress the importance of fitting the work to the worker, in order to achieve the productivity benefit Job Design DefinedJob design and work organization is the specification of the contents, method and relationships of jobs to satisfy technological and organizational requirements as well as the personal needs of job holders. According to Michael Armstrong, "Job Design is the process of deciding on the contents of a job in terms of its duties and responsibilities, on the methods to be used in carrying out the job, in terms of techniques, systems and procedures, and on the relationships that should exist be

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