Classify the manufacturing systems

May 29th, 2015
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2. What are the factors affecting forecasting? • Business cycle • Random variables • Customer’s plan • Product’s life cycle • Competition’s efforts and prices • Customer’s confidence • Quality • Credit policy • Design of goods or services • Reputation for service • Sales effort • Advertising

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UNIT- IPART A 1. Classify the manufacturing systems? 1.Product based: Continuous production (e.g. chemicals, food processing etc.)Discrete part production. Further divided into: Assembly linesTransfer Lines2.Process-based: these are facilities where machines of the same type are grouped together physically. Some examples may be seen in job shops, workshops, prototype makers, tool 3.Flexible Manufacturing systems may loosely be categorized as highly automated versions of process-based systems. 4.Cellular: Cells are formed using GT, and typical cells are small clusters of a mixed bunch of machines that can handle a particular family of products. Such layouts are used when the batch sizes of orders are not large, but throughput times required are lower.5.Fixed position: For single units of a large item (e.g. construction project, MTR line, ship building etc.)2. What are the factors affecting forecasting?Business cycleRandom variablesCustomers planProducts life cycleCompetitions efforts and pricesCustomers confidenceQualityCredit policyDesign of goods or servicesReputation for serviceSales effortAdvertising3. List out the quantitative forecasting techniques?Simple moving averageSingle exponential smoothingDouble moving averageDouble exponential smoothingSimple regressionSemi-average methodMultiple regressionBox Jenkins4. Define forecasting? It is an estimate of event which will happen in future. It ma

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