various stages involved in satisfying a customer’s need

May 29th, 2015
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Abilene Christian University
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Plant layout techniques apply to the case where several physical means have to be located in a certain area, either industrial processes or services.

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ContentsTABLE OF FIGURESQ1: Discuss what is a plant layout? Describe the types of layout in details with suitable examples. PLANT LAYOUTPlant Layout is the physical arrangement of equipment and facilities within a Plant. Optimizing the Layout of a Plant can improve productivity, safety and quality of Products. Un-necessary efforts of materials handling can be avoided when the Plant Layout is optimized.Plant layout techniques apply to the case where several physical means have to be located in a certain area, either industrial processes or services. The basic objective is to ensure a smooth flow of work, material, people and information. There are probably two levels at which layouts are required. In one, the various departments have to be sited, and in other the items of equipment within a department need to be located.Criteria for a Good Layout1. Maximum flexibility: A good layout will be one which can be rapidly modified to meet changing circumstances.2. Maximum co-ordination: Entry into, and disposal from, any department or functional area should be in such a manner that it is most convenient to the issuing or receiving departments. Layout requires to be considered as a whole and not partially.3. Maximum use of volume: Facilities should be considered as cubic devices and maximum use made of the volume available. This principle is particularly useful in stores, where goods can be stacked at considerable heights without inconvenience, especially if modern li

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