Case study acute

May 29th, 2015
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Texas A & M University
Course: general
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Dalam hal kekuatan hubungan sebab akibat, studi kasus-kontrol ada di bawah desain eksperimental dan studi kohort, namun lebih kuat daripada studi cross-sectional, karena pada studi kasus-kontrol terdapat dimensi waktu.

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CHAPTER IINTRODUCTIONThe appendix is a closed-ended, narrow tube that attaches to the cecum (the first part ofthe colon) like a worm. (The anatomical name for the appendix, vermiform appendix, means worm-like appendage.) The inner lining of the appendix produces a small amount ofmucus that flows through the appendix and into the cecum. The wall of the appendix contains lymphatic tissue that is part of the immune system for making antibodies. Like the rest of the colon, the wall of the appendix also contains a layer of muscle.Acute appendicitis can occur when a piece of food, stool or object becomes trapped in the appendix, causing irritation, inflammation, and the rapid growth of bacteria and infection. Acute appendicitis can also happen after a gastrointestinal infection. Rarely, a tumor may cause acute appendicitis. Sometimes the cause of acute appendicitis is not known. The inflammation is usually caused by a blockage, but may be caused by an infection. Without treatment, an inflamed appendix can rupture, causing infection of the peritoneal cavity (the lining around the abdominal organs) and even death. Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of emergency abdominal surgery. Up to 75,000 appendectomies are done each year in the U.S. The estimated population in the Philippines is 86, 241, 6972 and the incident rate of acute appendicitis is 215,604 as of year 2011. Appendicitis is one of the more common surgical emergencies, and it is one of the most commo

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