Case study scarlet

May 29th, 2015
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University of Iowa
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Scarlet fever is disease caused by exotoxin produced by group a beta-hemolytic Streptococcus. It occurs most commonly in age group 6-12 years. It may also occur in preschoolers.

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I. INTRODUCTIONScarlet fever is disease caused by exotoxin produced by group a beta-hemolytic Streptococcus. It occurs most commonly in age group 6-12 years. It may also occur in preschoolers. It is most common in temperate climates and occurs usually in late winter or early spring. It is characterized by sore throat, fever, bright red tongue with strawberry appearance (strawberry tongue). The characteristic of rash is fine, red and rough-textured. It appears 12-48 hours after the fever. The rash begins to fade three to four days after onset anddesquamation(peeling) begins. Peeling from the palms and around the fingers occurs about a week later.Peeling also occurs inaxilla, groin, and tips of the fingers and toes. The rash is the most striking sign of scarlet fever. It usually begins looking like bad sunburn with tiny bumps, and it may itch. The rash usually appears first on the neck and face, often leaving a clear unaffected area around the mouth. It spreads to the chest and back, then to the rest of the body. When scarlet fever occurs because of a throat infection, the fever typically stops within 3 to 5 days, and the sore throat passes soon afterward. The scarlet fever rash usually fades on the sixth day after sore throat symptoms started, and begins to peel (as above).The infection itself is usually cured with a 10-day course of antibiotics, but it may take a few weeks for tonsils and swollen glands to return to normal. In rare cases, scarlet fever may devel

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