The Role of the Parents in Personality Development in Positive and Negative Perspectives

Jun 2nd, 2015
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Conditional Positive Regard Getting positive regard “on condition” Rogers calls conditional positive regard. When people show conditional positive regard it means that an individual is taken not as a ‘self’ and an entity but as a collection of behaviours. Thus one is appreciated only on showing acceptable behaviours. Rogers is of the view that it hampers the positive growth of ‘self’ and as a result conditional positive self-regard develops. It means that one begins to like oneself only if he meets up with the standards others have applied to him, rather than when he truly actualizes his potentials. And since these standards were created without keeping each individual in mind, more often than not he finds himself unable to meet them, and therefore unable to maintain any sense of self-esteem.

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Carl Rogers Self Theory of Personality DevelopmentSince the study of personality began, personality theories have offered a wide variety of explanations for behavior and what constitutes the person. Carl Rogers (1902-1987) is truly the central figure in the humanistic orientation. Rogers theory of personality development is based upon nineteen propositions but the central focus is on the concept of self. In Rogers' view, the self is the central ingredient in human personality and personal adjustment. The main tenets of his theory will be focused upon here.SelfRogers believed that when a child comes into this world, the concept of self is present in him just like a tiny dot and it grows and develops as the age of child increases. Self-concept is defined as the totality of a complex, organized, and dynamic system of learned beliefs, attitudes and opinions that each person holds to be true about his or her personal existence. Rogers described the self as a social product, developing out of interpersonal relationships and striving for consistency.Self-Actualizing TendencyRogers' person-centered theory emphasized the concept of "self-actualization." This concept implies that there is an internal, biological force to develop one's capacities and talents to the fullest. The individual's central motivation is to learn and to grow. Growth occurs when individuals confront problems, struggle to master then, and through that struggle develop new aspects of their skil

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