crop production

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College
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like never before, here are some of the best notes from the university of eastern africa baraton, you will really appreciate the quality of the notes, the notes majorly deal with biotechnology applied in crop production so as to come up with crops that suit both environmental and nutritional values.

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UNIVERSITY OF EASTERN AFRICA- BARATONDEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURECOURSE SYLABUS CPSC314 - CROP PRODUCTION ICREDITS -3INSTRUCTOR: S. O. ODHIAMBOAGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY1. What is Agricultural Biotechnology?For about 10,000 years, farmers have been improving wild plants and animals through the selection and breeding of desirable characteristics. This breeding has resulted in the domesticated plants and animals that are commonly used in crop and livestock agriculture. In the twentieth century, breeding became more sophisticated, as the traits that breeders select for include increased yield, disease and pest resistance, drought resistance and enhanced flavor. Traits are passed from one generation to the next through genes, which are made of DNA. All living things-including the fruits, vegetables and meat that we eat-contain genes that tell cells how to function. Recently, scientists have learned enough to begin to identify and work with the genes (DNA) that are responsible for traits. 1.1. WHAT IS AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY?Agricultural biotechnology is a collection of scientific techniques used to improve plants, animals and microorganisms. Based on an understanding of DNA, scientists have developed solutions to increase agricultural productivity. Starting from the ability to identify genes that may confer advantages on certain crops, and the ability to work with such characteristics very precisely, biotechnology enhances breeders' ability to make improvements in

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