DNA& Proteins-- The relationship

Feb 3rd, 2012
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This is an essay that explains the relationship between DNA and proteins in the body.

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DNA & Proteins: The RelationshipHave you ever thought about what we are exactly made of? The human body is composed of a multitude of different cells, atoms, and much more! Most importantly, however, we are made up of DNA. DNA is the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid; which as most of us know, is what stores all of our genetic information. So how exactly are DNA and proteins related? The genetic information encoded within the DNA of a gene is carried through an intermediary molecule, RNA (ribonucleic acid), which is then used by the cell to make a protein. There are two separate steps in this information flow; transcription and translation. The DNA strand region that is occupied by the CYP2D6 gene stretches over tens of thousands of bases, and during transcription this whole region of DNA is copied into an RNA chain. The order of the bases is copied exactly, but RNA uses a base c

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