Solid waste management

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Solid waste is material that has no economic value at present, or material perceived as not having value at any given time and to a particular society (Ambasht 1999). Waste, garbage, trash, junk and refuse are all names given to that “stuff” that is no longer useful in its current form.

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CHAPTER 1Introduction1.1Background to the StudySolid waste is material that has no economic value at present, or material perceived as not having value at any given time and to a particular society (Ambasht 1999). Waste, garbage, trash, junk and refuse are all names given to that "stuff" that is no longer useful in its current form. In contemporary society, many of the items used daily are designed to be used and discarded. Thus, with the increased availability of disposables has come the added problem of how to get rid of all this waste (Chibanda 2000). Some of the challenges associated with solid waste disposal include the breeding of flies, cockroaches, mosquitoes and rodents as well as vectors of diseases like cholera, typhoid, malaria and plague to mention just a few (Evans 2004). However, besides the challenges associated with the poor solid waste disposal, the materials can offer opportunities to communities if properly handled.Problems like insanitary conditions, difficulty of local authorities to manage refuse, high incidence of environmental diseases and increasing intolerance of community to insanitary environment has brought in a change in the way solid waste is managed. (Water Front Magazine, 1996). The change in strategy has created an opportunity like the availability and accessibility to a national Non Governmental Organization (NGO) with extensive and considerable community mobilization and development experience that has initiated participatory proce

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