Han Wudi established an imperial university

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Han Wudi establishes an Imperial University in 124 BCE Not a lover of scholarship, but demanded educated class for bureaucracy.

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?1. Han Wudiestablishes an Imperial University in 124 BCENot a lover of scholarship, but demanded educated class for bureaucracy Adopted Confucianism as official course of study3000 students by end of Former Han, 30,000 by end of Later Han 2. LegalismEmphasis on development of the stateRuthless, end justifies the meansRole of LawStrict punishment for violatorsPrinciple of collective responsibilityShang Yang (390-338 BCE), The Book of the Lord ShangHan Feizi (280-233 BCE)Forced to commit suicide by political enemiesTwo strengths of the stateAgricultureMilitaryEmphasized development of peasant, soldier classesDistrust of pure intellectual, cultural pursuitsHistorically, often imitated but rarely praised3.ConfucianismKong Fuzi (551-479 BCE)Master Philosopher KongAristocratic rootsUnwilling to compromise principleDecade of unemployment, wanderingReturned home a failure, died soon thereafterTeachings: AnalectsEthics and politicsAvoided religion, metaphysicsJunzi: "superior individuals"Role in government serviceEmphasis on Zhou Dynasty textslater formed core texts of Chinese educationTraits lead to development of junziIdeal leaders4. DaoismCritics of ConfucianismPassivism, rejection of active attempts to change the course of events Founder: Laozi, 6th c. BCEThe Daodejing (Classic of Way and of Virtue)Zhuangzi (named for author, 369-236 BCE)5.Wang MangWang Mang regent for 2-year old Emperor, 6 CETakes power himself 9 CEIntroduces massive

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