Theories of Crime Causation

Feb 3rd, 2012
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The discussion on nature versus nurture is one that pits two philosophical frameworks against each other. Nature is the concept that biologically and in personality, humans possess gifts, traits, and abilities that make them the distinct individuals whom they are in society. Nurture is the concept that individuals learn different traits, abilities, and gifts that define them in society. In criminal justice, one must consider the following question: Is criminal behavior naturally a part of human beings since conception, or is criminal behavior a learned behavior? Please post an answer to the following questions. Support your answers with academic or real-life criminal justice examples to accentuate your point: Based on research and your reading assignment, discuss the merits of the idea that genetics are a source for criminal behavior. You should discuss the nature versus nurture debate as it relates to personality. Be sure to provide examples that can be found through research studie

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Theories of Crime CausationNameClassDateProfessorTheories of Crime Causation Crimes are illegal behaviors committed in society that violate the laws of the land. There have been many different theories proposed explaining what causes crime in society that include psychological theories that find crime is the result of disruptions in normal personality development while sociological theories blame the offenders environment for their criminal behavior. Biological theories find crime is the result of genetic, biochemical, or neurological deficiencies in the body and through research great strides have been made in identifying potential biological causes. Biological Criminality Biological theories focus on functions in the body that relate to criminal behavior. The first theory involving a potential biological case comes from the positivist school. The positivist viewpoints, from the perspective of Lombroso, Ferri and Garofalo, found that crime is related to heredity, physiological incapacity, or biogenic. Lombroso's theory found that criminals were born and blamed physical features of the criminal on their deviant behavior. The physical abnormalities of the offender cause them to commit crimes, which are out of their control. Ferri and Garofalo had supported Lombroso in his theory that crime was the result of biological processes. Despite these findings biological theories were quickly discredited and psychological and sociological

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