M.C.MEHTA V. UNION OF INDIA EQUIVALENT CITATION

Jun 16th, 2015
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The Shriram Gas leak case was a very significant case in the field of environmental activism, as it pitted the Supreme Court, the representative of the people, against one of the biggest and most wealthy industrial establishments of India, Shri Ram Food and Fertilizers.

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M.C.MEHTA V. UNION OF INDIA, DECIDED ON 20TH DECEMBER 1986.EQUIVALENT CITATION: 1987 AIR 1086, 1987 SCR (1) 819.INTRODUCTION:The Shriram Gas leak case was a very significant case in the field of environmental activism, as it pitted the Supreme Court, the representative of the people, against one of the biggest and most wealthy industrial establishments of India, Shri Ram Food and Fertilizers. The Shriram gas leak case was also unique of its kind as it was the first time when an industry was solely held responsible for an accident and forced to pay compensation regardless of what arguments it made in its defense. The important aspect is that case lays down the principle of absolute liability and the concept of deep pockets. It is also worth citing that the findings for the verdict were made not only on a legal basis but also on a scientific one and doing so the Supreme Court preformed an extra judiciary role. The verdict was also decided, taking into account the need for industrialization and the fact that accidents are an unavoidable consequence of it. Overall it established the Supreme Court as the protector of the environment and the rights of the public.IN THE HONBLE SUPREME COURTOF INDIA(UNDER CONSTITUTION OF INDIA, 1949)WR.P.No: 1987 SCR (1) 819 of 1985M.C.MEHTAPetitionerv.UNION OF INDIA.....................................Respondent

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