External Dose Estimates from Global Fallout

Jun 17th, 2015
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This report provides estimates of the external radiation exposure and whole body effective dose received by residents of the continental U.S. during the period 1953-2000 from nuclear weapons tests.

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Appendix G External Dose Estimates from Global FalloutExternal Radiation Exposure to the Population of the Continental U.S. from High Yield Weapons Tests Conducted by the U.S., U.K. and U.S.S.R. between 1952 and 1963Harold L. BeckReport to the National Cancer Institute in fulfillment ofP.O. #263-MQ-003539March 15, 2000AbstractThis report provides estimates of the external radiation exposure and whole body effective dose received by residents of the continental U.S. during the period 1953-2000 from nuclear weapons tests. Doses were calculated for tests carried out in the Pacific by the U.S. and U.K. and by the U.S.S.R. at various sites in the former Soviet Union during the years 1952-62. Estimates are given on a county by county basis for each month from 1953-1972. The average population dose from the fallout from all of these tests was about 0.7 mSv, about equivalent to 2-3 years of external radiation exposure from natural background. In contrast to the fallout from tests at the Nevada Test site, the variation in exposure across the country from "global" fallout was relatively small, reflecting primarily variations in annual rainfall. Precipitation was the main mechanism for the deposition of fallout from these mostly high-yield thermonuclear tests that injected most of their debris into the stratosphere. Thus residents of counties in the eastern and Midwestern U.S. that received above average rainfall were impacted more than residents

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