Case Study Bronchopneumonia

Jun 18th, 2015
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Alabama State University
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Bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia (not to be confused with lobular pneumonia) is a type of pneumonia characterized by multiple foci of isolated, acute consolidation, affecting one or more pulmonary lobes. It is one of two types of bacterial pneumonia as classified by gross anatomic distribution of consolidation (solidification), the other being lobar pneumonia. Bronchopneumonia is less likely than lobar pneumonia to be associated with Streptococcus. The bronchopneumonia pattern has been associated with hospital-acquired pneumonia, and with specific organisms such as Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella, E. coli, and Pseudomonas.

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BSN II 2GROUP 5Alfaro, Gladys Kate M.Algas, Anjelina P.Altar, Ken Emerson B.Apuli, Marie ClmcsaBato, Pancho III L.Bautista, Justin Nilette L.Benedito, Karl B.Bueno, Jobert John P.Bustamante, NinoMunoz, Ma. Lourdes C.INTRODUCTIONBronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia (not to be confused with lobular pneumonia) is a type of pneumonia characterized by multiple foci of isolated, acute consolidation, affecting one or more pulmonary lobes.It is one of two types of bacterial pneumonia as classified by gross anatomic distribution of consolidation (solidification), the other being lobar pneumonia. Bronchopneumonia is less likely than lobar pneumonia to be associated with Streptococcus. The bronchopneumonia pattern has been associated with hospital-acquired pneumonia, and with specific organisms such as Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella, E. coli, and Pseudomonas. In bacterial pneumonia, invasion of the lung parenchyma by bacteria produces an inflammatory immune response. This response leads to a filling of the alveolar sacs with exudate. The loss of air space and its replacement with fluid is called consolidation. In bronchopneumonia, or lobular pneumonia, there are multiple foci of isolated, acute consolidation, affecting one or more pulmonary lobes.It should be noted that although these two patterns of pneumonia, lobar and lobular, are the classic anatomic categories of bacterial pneumonia, in clinical practice the types are

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