HYPERTENSIVE CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Jun 18th, 2015
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Alabama State University
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Hypertensive heart disease refers to coronary artery disease, heart failure, and enlargement of the heart that occur because of high blood pressure. Causes High blood pressure increases the pressure in blood vessels. As the heart pumps against this pressure, it must work harder. Over time, this causes the heart muscle to thicken and the left ventricle to become enlarged. The amount of blood pumped by the heart each minute (cardiac output) goes down. Without treatment, symptoms of congestive heart failure may develop. High blood pressure is the most common risk factor for heart disease and stroke. It can cause ischemic heart disease from the increased supply of oxygen needed by the thicker heart muscle. High blood pressure also contributes to thickening of the blood vessel walls. This may worsen atherosclerosis (increased cholesterol deposits in the blood vessels). This also increases the risk of heart attacks and stroke.

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FIRST ASIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND HUMANITIESCOLLEGE OF NURSINGLIPA MEDIX MEDICAL CENTERCASE STUDYHYPERTENSIVE CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASESUBMITTED BY:Joseph King D. MacaranasBSN 2ASUBMITTED TO:Ms. Estrella P. Espiritu, R.N., M.A.N.Hospital, Clinical InstructorPATIENTS PROFILEName: Fe Mercado BerogaGender: FemaleAge: 54 Years OldDate of Birth: Novemmber 21, 1955Place of Birth: Lipa City, BatangasCitizenship: FilipinoReligion: Roman CatholicDate of Admission: January 15, 2010Time of Admission: 06:02 AMAdmitting Diagnosis: Hyperensive Cardiovascular DiseaseChief of Complaint: HypertensionPHYSICAL ASSESSMENTHISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESSPatient known hypertension more than 5 years, in losartan and aspirin. Persistence of elevated blood pressure prompted consult for further evaluation and management.ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGYHypertensive Cardiovascular DiseaseHypertensive heart disease refers to coronary artery disease, heart failure, and enlargement of the heart that occur because of high blood pressure.CausesHigh blood pressure increases the pressure in blood vessels. As the heart pumps against this pressure, it must work harder. Over time, this causes the heart muscle to thicken and the left ventricle to become enlarged. The amount of blood pumped by the heart each minute (cardiac output) goes down. Without treatment, symptoms of congestive heart failure may develop.High blood pressure is the most common risk factor f

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