case study on Pre-eclampsia

Jun 18th, 2015
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Alabama State University
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Although many pregnant women with high blood pressure have healthy babies without serious problems, high blood pressure can be dangerous for both the mother and the fetus. Women with pre-existing, or chronic, high blood pressure are more likely to have certain complications during pregnancy than those with normal blood pressure.

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I.INTRODUCTIONPre-eclampsiaAlthough many pregnant womenwith high blood pressure have healthybabies without serious problems, highblood pressure can be dangerous forboth the mother and the fetus. Womenwith pre-existing, or chronic, high bloodpressure are more likely to have certaincomplications during pregnancy thanthose with normal blood pressure.However, some women develop highblood pressure while they are pregnant(often called gestational hypertension).The effects of high blood pressure range from mild to severe. High bloodpressure can harm the mother's kidneys and other organs, and it can cause lowbirth weight and early delivery. In the most serious cases, the mother developspreeclampsia-or "toxemia of pregnancy"-which can threaten the lives of both themother and the fetus.What is preeclampsia?Preeclampsia is a condition that typically starts after the 20th weekofpregnancy and is related to increased blood pressure and protein in themother's urine (as a result of kidney problems). Preeclampsia affects the placenta,and it can affect the mother's kidney, liver, and brain. When preeclampsiacauses seizures, the condition is known as eclampsia-the second leading cause ofmaternal death in the U.S. Preeclampsia is also a leading cause of fetalcomplications, which include low birth weight, premature birth, and stillbirth.There is no proven way to prevent preeclampsia. Most women who develop signsof preeclampsia, however, are closely monitored to le

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