CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE

Jun 18th, 2015
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Heart failure, often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of the tissues for oxygen and nutrients. However, the term CHF is misleading, because it indicates that patients must experience pulmonary or peripheral congestion to have heart failure, and it implies that patients with congestions have heart failure. The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) HF guidelines panel (1994) defined heart failure as a clinical syndrome characterized by signs and symptoms of fluid overload or of inadequate tissue perfusion. These signs and symptoms result when the heart is unable to generate a CO sufficient to meet body’s demands.

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A Caselet onCONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE___________________________________________________________Presented to:Vicky Palomero, RNIn partial Fulfillment of the RequirementsIn NCM RLESubmitted by:Cherrybelle Love GuidogaJanuary 2012INTRODUCTIONHeart failure, often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is the inability of theheart to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of the tissues for oxygen and nutrients.However, the term CHF is misleading, because it indicates that patients must experiencepulmonary or peripheral congestion to have heart failure, and it implies that patients withcongestions have heart failure. The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) HFguidelines panel (1994) defined heart failure as a clinical syndrome characterized by signs andsymptoms of fluid overload or of inadequate tissue perfusion. These signs and symptoms resultwhen the heart is unable to generate a CO sufficient to meet bodys demands. The HF guidelinepanel used the term heart failure because many patients with HF do not manifest pulmonary orsystemic congestions. The term HF is preferred and indicates myocardial heart disease in whichthere is a problem with contraction of the heart (systolic dysfunction) or filling of the heart(diastolic dysfunction) and which may or may not cause pulmonary or systemic congestion.Some cases of HF are reversible, depending on the cause. Most often, HF is a lifelong diagnosisthat is managed with lifestyle

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