A Case Study on obstructive hydrocephalus

Jun 18th, 2015
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Alabama State University
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Non-communicating or obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to Bacterial Meningitis Stage II is the condition involved in this case study. Nilcar Domingo, 6 years old from Barangay Laslasong, Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur was my client. His case is initially diagnosed as Bacterial Meningitis, PTB, Typhoid Fever, and Urinary Tract Infection. The final diagnosis of his condition is Non-communicating or Obstructive Hydrocephalus Secondary to Bacterial Meningitis Stage II.

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INTRODUCTIONNon-communicating or obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to Bacterial Meningitis Stage II is the condition involved in this case study. Nilcar Domingo, 6 years old from Barangay Laslasong, Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur was my client. His case is initially diagnosed as Bacterial Meningitis, PTB, Typhoid Fever, and Urinary Tract Infection. The final diagnosis of his condition is Non-communicating or Obstructive Hydrocephalus Secondary to Bacterial Meningitis Stage II.Hydrocephalus in general, is the enlargement of the CSF compartment. It is defined as an abnormal increase in CSF volume in any part of all of the ventricular system. The two causes of hydrocephalus are decreased absorption or overproduction of CSF. There are two types of hydrocephalus: Communicating and Non-communicating Hydrocephalus.The focus of this case study is purely on Non-communicating or obstructive hydrocephalus.Non-communicating hydrocephalus occurs when obstruction in the ventricular system prevents the CSF from reaching the arachnoid villi. CSF flow can be obstructed by congenital malformations, from tumors encroaching on the ventricular system and by inflammation (meningitis) or hemorrhage. The ependyma is particularly sensitive to viral infections. Ependymitis is believed to the cause of congenital aqueductal stenosis.In contrast to hydrocephalus that develop in utero or during infancy, head enlargement does not occur in older children and increase in ICP depend on whether the condi

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