Psychology 154: intro to psychology Unit 3 Study Guide

Mar 29th, 2015
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An entire out of the 4th unit. Includes both in class notes and chapter reading.

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Lesson 5 previewLearning Basic terminologyForms of learning Classic studies in learning Learning (or conditioning)-a relatively permanent change in behavior (or knowledge) that results from experience You can forget things you learn either purposefully or accidently Basic TerminologyStimulus--? responseStimulusAny object or energy/ change in energy that can be detected by an organism Usually serves as a "trigger" in the learning process Evoke or Elicit Stimulus brings out a response or makes things happenResponse Behavior that results from the presentation of stimulusSome forms of learning Habituation and sensitizationSimplest forms of leaning Habituation- learning to ignore a stimuli because it isn't important to you Repeated exposed to stimulus decreases responsivenessThe organism "get used to it" and no longer respondExamples Ticking of clockClothes against skinSensitizationThe organism learns to react to a stimulus, thus we say/she is sensitiveObservational learningAlso known as social learning Learning by following the example of others (i.e., observing, then doing what is observed)You can also pick up ways of living such as philosophy from role models Ex. Dressing the same as a model, teaching the same as a role model, watching someone in the gym workout before you go try out the machine Classical conditioningA type of learning in which neutral stimulus become associated with a stimulus that causes reflexive behavior so that, in time,

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