History and Development of Juvenile Justice System paper

Mar 29th, 2015
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History and Development of Juvenile Justice System

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History and Development of Juvenile Justice SystemNameClassDateProfessor History and Development of Juvenile Justice System The juvenile justice system emerged during the Progressive efforts and reformers that recognized there was a need for a spate juvenile justice system for the youthful offender. Before the Progressive Era if a juvenile committed a crime they were held in the same prisons as the adult offender and where subject to the same cruel punishments. During the Progressive Era, which began during the mid 19th century, the entire American correctional was going through an overhaul and the focus shifted from punishing the criminal offender to rehabilitating them to become more productive members of society. This included creating a juvenile justice system focused on repairing the youth and their family. The rehabilitative model of the juvenile justice system remained the focus of society well into the 20th century until the types and levels of crimes being committed by the juvenile offender began to change (ABA, 2010). The theory was that juveniles were absent of malice and therefore did not have the same legal culpability as the adult offender. As more juvenile gangs began to emerge in the 1960's, partly as a result of the civil struggle in society and partly due to the lack of opportunity being provided to the minority groups in society, juvenile began to commit more serious and more violent crimes. As members of society be

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