Case-Study-Liver-Cirrhosis

Jun 18th, 2015
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The liver is the largest and one of the most internal organs, performing more than 400 functions and affecting every system in the body. When the liver is diseased or damage, it cannot provide digestion, nutrition and metabolism can be severely affected. Liver disease ranged in severity from mild to hepatic inflammation to chronic end stage cirrhosis.

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INTRODUCTIONThe liver is the largest and one of the most internal organs, performing more than 400 functions and affecting every system in the body. When the liver is diseased or damage, it cannot provide digestion, nutrition and metabolism can be severely affected. Liver disease ranged in severity from mild to hepatic inflammation to chronic end stage cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis is extensive, irreversible scaring of the liver, usually caused by a chronic reaction to hepatic inflammation and necrosis. The diseased typically develops slowly and has a progressive, prolonged, destructive course resulting in end-stage liver disease. The most common causes for cirrhosis in the United States are alcoholic liver disease and hepatitis C. Worldwide, hepatitis b and hepatitis D are leading causes. Without liver transplantation, cirrhosis is usually fatal.Cirrhosis is characterized by widespread fibrotic (scarred) bands of connective tissue that changed the liver's normal makeup. Inflammation caused by either toxins or diseased results in extensive degeneration and destruction of hepatocytes (liver cells). As cirrhosis develops, the tissue becomes nodular. These nodules can block bile ducts and normal blood flow throughout the liver. Impairments in blood and lymph flow result from compression caused by excessive fibrous tissue. In early diseased, the liver enlarged, firm, and hard. As the pathologic process continues, the liver shrinks in size, resulting in decreased in function, whi

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