The year without a summer

Mar 29th, 2015
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This is a 2 page essay about the mountain Tambora in Indonesia that erupted and caused 'The Year without a Summer'.

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The year without a summer[Document subtitle]Abstract 'The Year without a Summer' took place in 1816 due to volcanic eruption on the island of Tambora in Indonesia the year before. The climate on Earth changed drastically - snow was falling in New England; clouds and cold rains were covering the whole Europe, which created stormy and dark environment. The weather was not like it usually feels during the summer, and thus, this year was called as 'the year without a Summer'.Mount Tambora began showing first signs of its activity on April 5, 1815. Four months later, this volcano erupted, which considered to be the largest eruption in history records. The adverse weather in 1816 had profound effects on North America, Asia and particularly Europe (1). Tambora is located in an area of intense volcanic activity. Most volcanic activity is located along linear belts that correspond to tectonic plate boundaries. However, some volcanic activity takes place in "hot spots" (such as Hawaii) that are not located at tectonic plate boundaries. I this case, the Indian-Australian tectonic plate is being subducted beneath the Eurasian tectonic plate at a convergent plate boundary. This boundary is part of the "ring of fire" (2).People located close to the volcano, lost their lives instantaneously, and immediate area death toll was around 92,000. 10,000 (3). People died from the direct effect of the explosion, lava flows, falling debris and pyroclastic flows, with another 82,

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