BINARY DISTILLATION

Jun 21st, 2015
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Savannah State University
Course: general
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In the 19th Century, the various branches of the Chemical Industry grew up independently. Each Industry had its own expertise, which was jealously guarded as a “trade secret”. Thus, the Alcohol industry had experts on alcohol distillation, the Coal Tar industry had experts on coal tar distillation.

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BINARY DISTILLATIONIntroductionIn the 19th Century, the various branches of the Chemical Industry grew up independently. Each Industry had its own expertise, which was jealously guarded as a trade secret. Thus, the Alcohol industry had experts on alcohol distillation, the Coal Tar industry had experts on coal tar distillation, the infant petroleum industry (mainly engaged in making kerosene for lamps) had experts on petroleum distillation, and so on.In the late 19th / early 20th Century, particularly as the petroleum industry started to develop, a few far-sighted pioneers, such as George Davis in Manchester, realised that it was possible to study the common features of all these operations to study Distillation itself, independent of what was being distilled. This marked the start of Chemical Engineering as a discipline.The name "Unit Operations" was coined by Arthur D. Little in the U.S. to describe distillation, gas absorption, solvent extraction etc. and the name was used until the 1980s, when it was generally replaced with the more descriptive Separation Processes.In this first module on separation processes, you will study two major processes: Binary Distillation and Gas Absorption. Others, such as Solvent Extraction, Multicomponent Distillation, adsorption, membrane processes, etc. will follow in later modules. We shall only look at the early stages of calculation - later stages, such as the detailed design of the column interna

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