Jun 21st, 2015
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CASE STUDY TITLE: Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc: is exercise works?ABSTRACTBackground: Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc is the protrusion of a portion of the nucleus of an intervertebral disc into the spinal canal. The purpose of this case study is to highlight the effectiveness of exercise therapy for the patient with Prolapsed Intervertbral Disc that included in chronic low back pain.Clinical features: There is acute pain, tenderness and paraspinal muscle spasm; pain also may be noted in the leg, below the knee, or both. There also may be a sharp burning stabbing pain radiating down the posterior or lateral aspects of the leg below the knee. Prolonged pressure on the nerve root can lead to weakness in the muscles of the leg.Intervention: Exercise therapy is the main intervention in this case study, where the exercises that have been included are McKenzie exercise, Lumbar stabilization, stretching exercise and strengthening exercise.Evaluation of outcome: There are two outcome measures that are used; Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) and Oswestry Questionnaire.Conclusion: Exercise therapy is effective treatment for patient with Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc.INTRODUCTIONMusculoskeletal disorders, of which back pain accounts for more than half the number of cases, are the most common cause of chronic incapacity in industrialized countries (Akbari, Khorashadizadeha & Abdi, 2008). There are many different kinds of low back pain that can be caused by numerous problems for

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