CASE STUDIES OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES HANDLED

Jun 21st, 2015
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. TYPHOID FEVER Typhoid fever, otherwise known as enteric fever, is an acute illness associated with fever caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. S. typhosa is a short, plump, gram negative rod that is flagellated and actively motile. Contaminated food or water is the common medium of contagion. Stages of Disease: The disease follows four stages. The first stage is known as incubation period, usually 10-14 days in occurrence. In this stage generalization of the infection occurs. In the second stage, aggregation of the macrophage and edema in focal areas indicates bacterial localization (embolization) and resultant toxic injury which disappear after few days. The third stage of disease is dominated by effects of local bacterial injury especially in the intestinal tract, mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen, and liver. The fourth stage, or the stage of lysis, is the stage wherein the infectious process is gradually overcome.

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CASE STUDIES OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES HANDLEDA. TYPHOID FEVERTyphoid fever, otherwise known as enteric fever, is an acute illness associated with fever caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. S. typhosa is a short, plump, gram negative rod that is flagellated and actively motile. Contaminated food or water is the common medium of contagion. Stages of Disease:The disease follows four stages. The first stage is knownas incubation period, usually 10-14 days in occurrence. In this stage generalization of the infection occurs. In the second stage, aggregation of the macrophage and edema in focal areas indicates bacterial localization (embolization) and resultant toxic injury which disappear after few days. The third stage of disease is dominated by effects of local bacterial injury especially in the intestinal tract, mesenteric lymph nodes, spleen, and liver. The fourth stage, or the stage of lysis, is the stage wherein the infectious process is gradually overcome. PathophysiologyRisk factors for acquiring typhoid fever likely include improper food handling, eating food from outside sources like carinderia, drinking contaminated water, poor sanitation and even poor hygiene practices. Both genders do have equal chances on acquiringsuch disease. Asian, African and Americans are at greatest risks of acquiring the diseasesince geographical locations play a part. After ingestion in food or water, typhoid organisms pass through the pylorus and reach the small intesti

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