Case Study of Patient with Dehydration

Jun 21st, 2015
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DEHYDRATION (hypohydration) is defined as the excessive loss of body fluid. It is literally the removal of water . In physiological terms, it entails a deficiency of fluid within an organism. Dehydration of skin and mucous membranes can be called medical dryness. Dehydration can be mild, moderate, or severe based on how much of the body's fluid is lost or not replenished. When it is severe, dehydration is a life-threatening emergency. Water is a critical element of the body, and adequate hydration is a must to allow the body to function. Up to 75% of the body's weight is made up of water. Most of the water is found within the cells of the body (intracellular space). The rest is found in the extracellular space, which consists of the blood vessels (intravascular space) and the spaces between cells (interstitial space).

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Arellano UniversityCollege of NursingPasay CityCase Study of Patient with Dehydration SUBMITTED BY:FACISTOL, GIAN MARIE V. SUBMITTED TO:MS. EVELYN BAUTISTA, R.N., MANI. IntroductionDEHYDRATION (hypohydration) is defined as the excessive loss ofbody fluid. It is literally the removal ofwater. Inphysiologicalterms, it entails a deficiency of fluid within an organism. Dehydration ofskinandmucous membranescan be calledmedical dryness. Dehydration can be mild, moderate, or severe based on how much of the body's fluid is lost or not replenished. When it is severe, dehydration is a life-threatening emergency. Water is a critical element of the body, and adequate hydration is a must to allow the body to function. Up to 75% of the body's weight is made up of water. Most of the water is found within the cells of the body (intracellular space). The rest is found in the extracellular space, which consists of the blood vessels (intravascular space) and the spaces between cells (interstitial space). There are three types of dehydration: hypotonic or hyponatremic (primarily a loss of electrolytes,sodiumin particular), hypertonic or hypernatremia (primarily a loss of water), and isotonic or isonatremic (equal loss of water and electrolytes). In humans, the most commonly seen type of dehydration by far is isotonic (isonatraemic) dehydration which effectively equat

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