A case presentation on Osteomyelitis

Jun 21st, 2015
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Osteomyelitis is a severe pyogenic infection of the bone and surrounding tissues that requires immediate treatment. Though the bone is affected site, normally root cause of such infection is not injuries caused to bone. Most often the infection is originated from some other body parts and is spread to bone through blood stream. If the bone has undergone trauma recently, such bone becomes predisposed to the infection. It is a bone inflammation caused by bacteria. Generally there are three routes where a bacterium enters the body such as in the bloodstream or hematogenous spread, adjacent soft tissue infection or contiguous focus and direct introduction of microorganisms.

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I. INTRODUCTIONBackground of the StudyOsteomyelitis is a severe pyogenic infection of the bone and surrounding tissues thatrequires immediate treatment. Though the bone is affected site, normally root cause ofsuch infection is not injuries caused to bone. Most often the infection is originated fromsome other body parts and is spread to bone through blood stream. If the bone hasundergone trauma recently, such bone becomes predisposed to the infection. It is abone inflammation caused by bacteria. Generally there are three routes where abacterium enters the body such as in the bloodstream or hematogenous spread,adjacent soft tissue infection or contiguous focus and direct introduction ofmicroorganisms. Chronic Osteomyelitis occurs due to loss of blood supply to bone.Such loss of blood supply is caused when bone tissues dies. As is suggestive from thenomenclature chronic (which means prolonged), the Osteomyelitis conditions persistsfor many years. People with diabetes, hemodialysis, people who have suffered traumarecently and people who abuse IV drugs are considered on higher risk of developingchronic Osteomyelitis. Fortunately, it is a rare health condition. According to theavailable statistics, one person among 5000 people gets affected with Osteomyelitis.Rationale for Choosing the CaseThe group decided to choose this case because it is interesting, rare and newlyencountered health crisis experienced by a patient confined in the hospital where theyh

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