Jun 21st, 2015
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Alaska Pacific University
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INTRODUCTION Vegetables occupy an important place in crop diversification and play a key role in food nutrition and economic security of our country. India ranks second in the vegetable production. In India vegetables are grown largely on commercial scale in an area of 7.2 Mha with production of 113.5Mt.Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus(L.) Monech] commonly known as Bhindi is one of the most important vegetable crop grown for its tender and delicious green fruits during both summer and rainy season. Okra is said to be native of tropical Africa (Joshi et al. 1974). Okra belongs to the family Malvaceae. The genus Abelmoschus comprises nine species.It is a hardy crop. It can be grown with considerable success on a wide range of soil under variable environmental conditions. It has high nutritive value and good export potential. Apart from its use as vegetable it also has medicinal properties. Leaves are used for preparing a medicament to reduce inflammation. It is an excellent source of iodine for control of goiter. It is good for people who are suffering from weakness of heart. The stem and roots of okra are used for clearing the cane juice in Gur preparation.Okra cultivars are erect annuals becoming woody at maturity. The plant often reaches 60 to 180 cm in height. The flower open shortly after sunrise and remain open until about noon. Petals wilt in the afternoon and usually fall the following day.Okra is predominantly a self pollinated crop but natural out crossing to the ext

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