Jun 21st, 2015
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Abraham Lincoln University
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Chapter 2Aphasia types and the struggle to classifyIn this chapter, the classical aphasia types will be presented: Brocas aphasia, Wernickes aphasia, anomic aphasia, conduction aphasia, transcortical sensory and motor aphasia, global aphasia. The impairments to production and comprehension will be discussed, with the focus on spoken language, although the impairments to written language are given as well. Considering that aphasia is a central language disorder, the impairments to written language are usually similar or worse than in spoken language. Where possible, the connections between aphasia syndrome and lesion site will be mentioned. This will result in a schematic overview. The fact that the classic aphasia types are not as common as sometimes suggested will be discussed after the presentation of the syndromes. We will demonstrate, however, the importance of classification and why some researchers continue to classify their subjects notwithstanding the inherent problems.IntroductionAphasia can manifest itself in different signs and symptoms, depending on the size and location of the lesion. Usually, lesions in the left frontal lobe result in mainly grammatical problems and more posterior lesions, in the temporal and/or parietal lobe, in lexical-semantic problems. Several clusters of symptoms appear more often than others. These are classified in a number of aphasia syndromes. These are the so-called classical aphasia types. Most of these syndromes are

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