Idealist Philosophy: What is Real ?

Jun 21st, 2015
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Central State University
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The idealist attitude followed in this paper is based on the assumption that only conscious experience in the Now is real. Conscious experience in the Now is supposed to be known directly or intuitively, it can not be explained. I think it constitutes the basis of all ontology. Consciousness is conceived as the total of conscious experience in the Now, the ontology of consciousness is thus derived directly from the basis. The ontology of nature is derived more indirectly from the basis. Science is regarded as a catalog of selected conscious experiences (observations), acknowledged to be scientific and structured by means of concepts and theories (also regarded as conscious experiences).

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LECTURE 1: Stylistics as a linguistic scienceOutline1. The object and subject-matter of stylistics. Branches of stylistics.2. The methods of stylistic research.3. Types and kinds of stylistics.4. Basic notions of stylistics: style, norm, context, stylistic meaning, expressive means, stylistic device and image.1. The origin of stylistics. Stylistics is a branch of linguistics which investigates the entire system of expressive resources available in a particular language. It is a relatively new linguistic discipline. The word stylistics was firstly attested in the Oxford English Dictionary only in 1882, meaning the science of literary style, the study of stylistic features. However, the first reflections on style can be dated back to the ancient times. Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian treated style as the proper adornment of thought. Ancient rhetoric and poetics which are considered to be the predecessors of stylistics treated style as a specific mode of expression, the proper adornment of thought. The orator or poet was expected to follow the norms of artful arrangement of words, to use model sentences and prescribed kinds of figures in order to achieve particular expressiveness. Artful arrangement of words to achieve a particular emphasis and effect is called rhetoric. The birth of rhetoric (the 5th c. B.C.) is the first indication of a reflection on language.Aristotles Rhetoric was written about 330 BC and is divided into three books. T

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