Jun 21st, 2015
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Central State University
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LECTURE 1: Stylistics as a linguistic scienceOutline1. The object and subject-matter of stylistics. Branches of stylistics.2. The methods of stylistic research.3. Types and kinds of stylistics.4. Basic notions of stylistics: style, norm, context, stylistic meaning, expressive means, stylistic device and image.1. The origin of stylistics. Stylistics is a branch of linguistics which investigates the entire system of expressive resources available in a particular language. It is a relatively new linguistic discipline. The word stylistics was firstly attested in the Oxford English Dictionary only in 1882, meaning the science of literary style, the study of stylistic features. However, the first reflections on style can be dated back to the ancient times. Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian treated style as the proper adornment of thought. Ancient rhetoric and poetics which are considered to be the predecessors of stylistics treated style as a specific mode of expression, the proper adornment of thought. The orator or poet was expected to follow the norms of artful arrangement of words, to use model sentences and prescribed kinds of figures in order to achieve particular expressiveness. Artful arrangement of words to achieve a particular emphasis and effect is called rhetoric. The birth of rhetoric (the 5th c. B.C.) is the first indication of a reflection on language.Aristotles Rhetoric was written about 330 BC and is divided into three books. T

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