Jun 21st, 2015
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Alabama State University
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• Also known as CARDINAL SIGNS. • Utilized to monitor the functions of the body. • It reflects the changes in the body that otherwise might not be observed. • There are four vital signs namely: o Body temperature o Pulse rate o Respiration rate o Blood pressure • PAIN is also included as the fifth vital sign.

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VITAL SIGNSAlso known as CARDINAL SIGNS.Utilized to monitor the functions of the body.It reflects the changes in the body that otherwise might not be observed.There are four vital signs namely:Body temperaturePulse rateRespiration rateBlood pressurePAIN is also included as the fifth vital sign.Monitoring a clients vital sign shouldnt be a routine procedure rather, a thoughtful and scientific assessment.Vital signs are evaluated in terms of clients present and past health status and compared to accepted normal standards.These are the normal ranges of vital signs:Body temperature:97.8-99.1 F = 37 C (Ave.: 98.6 F; 37 C ) Pulse rate:60-80 beats per minute (at rest)Respiration rate:12-18 breaths per minuteBlood pressure:120/80 mm/HgTIMES TO ASSESS VITAL SIGNSUpon admission to a health care agency to obtain baseline data.When a client has a change in health status or reports symptoms such as chest pain or feeling hot or faint.According to a nursing or medical order.Before and after surgery or an invasive diagnostic procedure.Before and after the administration of a medication that could affect the respiratory or cardiovascular systems.Before and after any nursing intervention that could affect the vital signs.TECHNIQUES FOR OBTAINING VITAL SIGNS OF INFANTS AND CHILDRENDue to fear factor of blood pressure measurement, save the blood pressure for last.Perform as many task as possible while the child is sitting on the parents la

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