Employment Law GB541 Course materials

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Unit 1 case 1 Griggs v. Duke Power Co. 401 U.S. 424 (1971)

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Griggs v. Duke Power Co. 401 U.S. 424 (1971)NameDateCourseInstructorIntroductionThere are certain court cases which become landmark cases and lead to the passage of some important judgments that serve as a precedent for future cases as well. One such case is The Griggs V. Duke Power Co. 401 U.S. 424 (1971) which was a landmark employment discrimination case. The case also concerned the adverse impact theory and is concerned a unique and first case of its kind.The case factsThe Griggs V. Duke Power Co. 401 U.S. 424 (1971) was a case which was argued before the United States Supreme Court. Its main concern was with the employment discrimination. Before the passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964, the company Duke Power had the right to segregate as well as discriminate employees based on their race. There was a Dan River Plant of the company, where the African-Americans were only allowed to work in the positions in which the pay was the lowest. After the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the company mandated the employees to have a high school diploma and pass an aptitude test to be eligible for certain higher positions. It became a kind of discrimination against the African-American employees because they would not have been able to fulfill these preconditions. The court found this as a case of discrimination because the aptitude tests were not directly related to or needed for the job and hence the Duke Company was found to be violating the A

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