A CASE STUDY ON ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS

Jun 21st, 2015
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Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is an acute infectious process affecting gastrointestinal tract caused by virus, bacteria and parasites. The disease is transmitted by ingestion of contaminated food, water, or by contaminated hands, linens, equipments, and supplies.

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CAGAYAN COLLEGES TUGUEGARAOCOLLEGE OF HEALTHA CASE STUDYONACUTE GASTROENTERITIS(AGE)Submitted by: Dennis Gallardo INTRODUCTIONAcute gastroenteritis (AGE) is an acute infectious process affecting gastrointestinal tract caused by virus, bacteria and parasites. The disease is transmitted by ingestion of contaminated food, water, or by contaminated hands, linens, equipments, and supplies. Most serious complication is dehydration and electrolyte losses which may lead to metabolic acidosis and death. The primary manifestation of gastroenteritis is diarrhea, but it may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. The vomiting usually settles in a day or so. The diarrhea may last for up to 10 days, but usually lasts only to 2 or 3 days. If there is fever, or blood and mucus in the stools it is more likely to be contagious. Gastroenteritis is contagious as the organism lives in the gastrointestinal tract, so it is important to wash hands thoroughly after going to the toilet and before preparing food.Acute gastroenteritis is associated with significant morbidity in developed countries and each year is the cause of death of several million children in developing countries. Estimates of the overall incidence of acute gastroenteritis range from 1.3 to 2.3 episodes of diarrhea per year in children under five years of age. Each year, more than 300 U.S. children die from this illness. In the United States alone, gastroenteritis accounts for

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