Jun 21st, 2015
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Native to Non-native English Speakers:Speech Adaptation within the Fargo-Moorhead CommunityJade SandbulteKigenyi KalemaPei-Yun LiuKyle MarkwardtNorth Dakota State UniversityDepartment of EnglishEnglish 453/653 Social & Regional Varieties of EnglishAdvisor: Dr. Bruce MaylathMay 6, 2013AbstractDue to increasing diversity within the Fargo-Moorhead area, it is important to review how speakers are adapting their language and how effective the communication is being received by both parties involved in a conversation. This study holds a lot of significance for those who would like to study English as a second language or possibly teach. We hypothesized that a native English speaker (NES) would adapt his or her language in regards to speed, word choice, and intonation when speaking with a non-native speaker (NNS). We conducted research in conversational settings on the North Dakota State Universitys campus. These settings allowed us to record and analyze conversations between NES tutors and NNS students. We also were able to record conversation between NESs and NNSs in an informal conversational setting. We listened carefully to the recordings and noted unusual uses of word choice, intonation, and speed among the NESs, while also listening for more features that were heard in the conversations. We found that NESs spoke slower and emphasized words differently in their conversations with NNSs. Although vocabulary did not seem to change, other speech ada

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