CATIE News - German researchers dig deep to understand hepatitis C virus

Jun 21st, 2015
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Before routine screening of the blood supply was implemented in Canada and other Western countries, hepatitis C virus (HCV) was transmitted through transfusion of contaminated blood and products made from blood, such as clotting factors. Now, in high-income countries and regions such as Canada, Australia, the U.S. and Western Europe

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CATIE News - German researchers dig deep to understand how hepatitis C virus is transmitted sexuallyBefore routine screening of the blood supply was implemented in Canada and other Western countries, hepatitis C virus (HCV) was transmitted through transfusion of contaminated blood and products made from blood, such as clotting factors.Now, in high-income countries and regions such as Canada, Australia, the U.S. and Western Europe, HCV is most commonly transmitted by sharing contaminated equipment for substance use. Less common modes of transmission include sharing equipment used for tattooing and body piercingNow, another route of transmission has been confirmed. An epidemic of sexually transmitted HCV is occurring across high-income countries among some gay and bisexual men, particularly those who are HIV positive and who do not inject illicit substances. According to an international team of researchers, this route of transmission appears to have begun in the mid-1990s. Furthermore, researchers in Canada, Australia and Western Europe have found that the spread of HCV co-infection among HIV-positive men appears to have accelerated after the year 2000.Scientists at research centres in Berlin, Bonn and other German cities have collaborated to investigate the spread of HCV co-infection among gay men in that country. Their results suggest that sexual practices leading to rectal bleeding, and snorting drugs [among people who have high rates of HCV infection] are risk

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