Indo Aryan Languages and the identity of Sinhala Language

Jun 22nd, 2015
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It is impossible to say that there is a consensus on the number of languages used in the world even among linguists. Although books on language studies deem that 4000 to 5000 languages are in use, it is believed that the actual number varies from 3000 to 10000( Crystal (1987) 1992: 284).

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Indo Aryan Languages and the identity of Sinhala Language Rathnasiri ArangalaIt is impossible to say that there is a consensus on the number of languages used in the world even among linguists. Although books on language studies deem that 4000 to 5000 languages are in use, it is believed that the actual number varies from 3000 to 10000( Crystal (1987) 1992: 284). These languages are subjected to numerous classifications for the ease of study. Categorizing languages according to their historical origins is one such classification. As per this view, world languages are divided into mutually exclusive language families. (Crystal (1987) 1992: 293-294; OGrady et al., 1996:Ch.9) In studying vocabularies of different languages, the existence of words that show phonological similarities across languages is apparent. This is the result of two or more languages evolving from one mother language. The genetic relationship of languages explains the evolution of languages where changes in one language lead to creation of multiple new languages. One method available to the historical linguists to identify the evolution of genetically related languages and the way in which daughter languages inherit words from their mother language is comparative recreation. To establish the methodical phonetic relationship that exists between the genetically related languages, comparative recreation method is used. (OGrady et al. 1996:349-50; 389-90)Some of these languages famil

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