Multi-competence Background

Jun 22nd, 2015
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Multi-competence was originally defined as ‘the compound state of a mind with two grammars’ (Cook, 1991). This was reworded as ‘the knowledge of two languages in one mind’ (Cook, 2007), because some people took the term ‘grammar’ in the narrow meaning of syntax rather than in the broad meaning of linguistic competence intended.

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Language User Groups and Language Teaching(Vivian Cook)Multi-competence BackgroundMulti-competence was originally defined as the compound state of a mind with two grammars (Cook, 1991). This was reworded as the knowledge of two languages in one mind (Cook, 2007), because some people took the term grammar in the narrow meaning of syntax rather than in the broad meaning of linguistic competence intended. Multi-competence emphasized the relationships of the languages in the same person mind rather than the separate existance of a first language and a interlanguage. As multi-competence came out of a Chomskyan tradition, it started with the individuals knowledge of language. Cook (2007) distinguished five meanings of language :1. A representation system known by human beings human language2. An abstract entity the English language3. A set of sentences everything that has or could be said the language of the Bible4. The possession of a community the language of French people5. The knowledge in the mind of an individual I have learnt French as a foreign language for 8 yearsCommunities and Language User GroupsThe core value of a community is, however, almost invariably taken to be a single language; a minority ethnic community is seen as identifying itself with its own language, protecting it and maintaining it as a heritage. An individuals use of two languages supposes the exist

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