Juvenile Justice Process

Feb 3rd, 2012
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Juvenile Justice Process 1400 + words

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Juvenile Justice ProcessNameClassDateProfessorJuvenile Justice Process The juvenile justice system emerged out of the efforts of the reformers of the Progressive Era. Before their efforts there was no juvenile justice system and any child that committed a crime was thrown into prison with male and female offenders. The goal of the newly created juvenile justice system was to recognize children did not have the same criminal intent as adults and should be reformed not punished. States were responsible for creating separate juvenile justice institutions, known as reform schools, to house the juvenile offender. In 1899 the Juvenile Court Act was passed in Illinois establishing the first juvenile justice system.Goals of Juvenile Justice System The goal of the juvenile justice system is to deter delinquent and criminal behavior in juveniles. Instead of punishing juvenile like adults the goals is to provide them with the tools to become productive members of society. In Florida the juvenile court does use sanctions but their true function is to direct the child away from destructive, harmful, and illegal acts (Haworth, 2002). In Florida children as young as 12 can receive a waiver to adult court depending on the level of the crime but once the juvenile reaches eighteen they will no longer be under the authority of the juvenile justice system and will be subject to the authority of the adult criminal justice system. When a child is detaine

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