AJS502 Major Court Systems

Feb 3rd, 2012
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write a 1050 to 1750 word paper that identifies and describes the distinguishing features of the major court system ranging from state level superior courts and federal district courts to the supreme court.

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Major Court Systems PaperNameClassDateProfessorMajor Court Systems The United States Supreme Court and the federal court system were established with Article III of the Constitution. The judicial system ensures that all citizens are afforded a fair and equal justice process as well as outlines the judicial authority of supreme and inferior court judges and defines state and federal court jurisdictions. Court systems settle disputes between citizens and states through an adversarial system. In order for any court process to be needed a crime must have been committed that results with the criminal offender being charged with a crime and being processed through the state's judicial system. The citizens is guaranteed due process rights during any court proceedings and are provided with the opportunity to engage in an adversarial process. Once a defendant has been charged with a crime they will have an opportunity to prove to the court that they are not guilty of the crime being charged through the adversarial process. The state is responsible for the burden of the proof and proving the defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt while the defendant has the opportunity to present evidence and cross examine witnesses. The United States has a dual system of federal and state courts that are independent of one another. Because each state has its own system, there are essentially 52 courts systems in the United States (USC, 2012). Each state

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