Strayer Nave2e Lecture Ch15 Cultural Transformations Religion and Science

Mar 30th, 2015
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Martin Luther: German priest who combined widespread criticism of Roman Catholic hierarchy and corruption with a theological message that faith—not works, acts, or rituals—was the path to salvation. Most Protestant movements offered little agency for women and in some cases even limited women’s participation in the church.

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Robert W. StrayerWays of the World: A Brief GlobalHistory with SourcesSecond EditionChapter 15Cultural Transformations: Religion and Science,1450-1750Copyright 2013 by Bedford/St. Martin's The Globalization of ChristianityA. Western Christendom Fragmented: The Protestant Reformation 1. Martin Luther: German priest who combined widespread criticism of Roman Catholic hierarchy and corruption with a theological message that faith-not works, acts, or rituals-was the path to salvation. Most Protestant movements offered little agency for women and in some cases even limited women's participation in the church.2. The power of the written word: Luther and others emphasized common people reading the Scriptures in their own language, not priests interpreting the Latin texts for the masses. Combined with the new technology of the printing press, Luther's message spread throughout Europe in the form of pamphlets. 3. Wars of Religion: Intense popular religious disputes led to cases of popular unrest and mob violence in France and Germany. Many political actors (kings & other nobility) found common cause with Luther's theological revolt against Rome. As religious, political, and economic tensions became intertwined, peasant revolts broke out in the German lands in the 1520s, Catholic-Huguenot violence tore France apart from 1562 to 1598, and finally the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) pitted the Roman Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire against Protestant kings

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