The party has successfully found a way to brainwash the people with propaganda and make sure that they forget about their society and embrace what the party is telling them about the past. When the party rose to power, it promised to rescue the people from the cruelty of capitalism and other forms of oppression. However, when the party ascended, life became more difficult and harsher than it had been in the past. The Party was solely determined to make sure that the people forgot about the past. Winston struggles to understand what happened in the past and cannot form a clear picture in his mind. Winston acquires a paperweight from an antique shop in the prole district. The Paperweight is a representation of Winston’s attempt to reconfigure and reconcile himself with the past. A precious object from a time gone by, but an object that was designed to stop free movement, and by extension free thinking.
The old picture of St. Clement’s Church that is seen in the room that Winston rented above Mr. Charrington’s shop is another representation of the lost past. Upon seeing the picture, Winston associates it with an ominous song, which ends with the words, “Here comes the chopper to chop off your head!" The song leads to Winston's eventual realization that the Thought Police have installed hidden telescreens that leads them to Winston's room leading to his capture. The symbolic nature of the telescreen being behind the church alluding to the fact that there is no sanctuary from the Party.