The chapter in a nutshell discusses capitalism and notes that the adoption of money was believed to facilitate constructions of buildings and empires. However, in the history of economy, Prof. Harari argues that production per capita had not increased, but increase was attributed to the rising population. Perceptibly, the author asserts that the capitalist’s ideas and desires pushed people to seek more wealth for themselves at the expense of others. Banks were opened and people started other businesses like bakery objectively to tap into the money that was available among its potential customers. In addition, people invested in scientific research to improve technology, and at the same time new geographical discoveries, organizational developments and technological inventions were made to enable people to amass wealth.