Alice in Wonderland
Lewis Carroll
Contributed by Sharon Fleming
Character Analysis

The story’s protagonist, Alice is a young girl from wealthy English family. Despite her privileged existence, Alice is unhappy with her environment because she deems it ordinary and uninspiring. Instead, she longs to explore another world that challenges her thoughts and attitude toward life. Alice demonstrates above-average intellect through her precocious understanding of her environment and curiosity for the unknown.

Because of her elevated social class and Victorian-era education, Alice appears a decent girl with good manners. In both a literal and figurative sense, Alice stands tall among others. In addition to her decency, though, Alice proves herself to be a go-getter with a sufficient supply of patience and wherewithal to get what she wants. However, Alice is not perfect. She retains an exaggerated sense of entitlement. For example, Alice describes a girl she knows as a “poky little hose” in comparison to herself. Alice’s condescension to less-privileged individuals impairs her ability to develop positive relationships with Wonderland’s inhabitants.

The story’s action revolves around the contrast between Alice’s sense of order and structure and the madness and nonsense of Wonderland. In Wonderland, Alice’s existence turns upside down as everything she believes to be true becomes different or altogether untrue. For example, the White Rabbit confuses Alice for a servant, something that would never happen to her life outside of Wonderland. In another instance, the Mad Hatter and March Hare ridicule Alice for her misunderstanding of the underworld. The Cheshire Cat humbles Alice by telling her that, in Wonderland, all creatures — including her — are insane.

Alice’s experiences in Wonderland give her exactly what she wanted: a challenge to her understanding of the world and a new conception of life for her to explore. However, Alice struggles because Wonderland presents her with values and ideas that are inconsistent with her own. Alice sees that life cannot always go her way and that events within it are sometimes shaped by forces beyond her understanding. In many ways, Wonderland threatens Alice’s comfortable existence, causing her to feel isolated and sometimes despondent. In short, Alice’s exposure to all sides of adventure — the good, the bad, and the ugly — tests her maturity and ability to handle unpredictability.

The White Rabbit
The rabbit is the wonderland creature that introduces Alice to the lifer in wonderland. It is evident this is not anybody's ordinary rabbit. The animal is presented as frantic and tremendously harried. However, the rabbit has personality flaws as presented in his timidity and occasional aggressiveness.
The Queen of Hearts

Although the King of Hearts might be expected to rule Wonderland, the Queen of Hearts is its undisputed leader. One of Alice’s challenges in adapting to life in Wonderland is finding ways to appease the Queen. However, the Queen is difficult to please. She demands unquestioned obedience from her subjects and orders for their execution when they upset her. Whereas Alice frets over Wonderland’s nonsense and illogical nature, the Queen enforces it. The Queen has made Wonderland hers and retains power over everyone within it, including the King. Although the Queen frequently threatens execution upon dissidents, she rarely carries out her orders. The Gryphon’s conversation with Alice reveals the tactics the Queen employs to indulge her whims and desires in Wonderland. Ultimately, the Queen’s authoritarian style acts as the glue that holds Wonderland together. In a place in which reason and logic do not apply, the Queen’s chaotic regime thrives.

The King of Hearts
While the king is naturally expected to be the ruler of the Wonderland, it appears that most of his powers have been usurped by the Queen. He is less authoritative than the Queen, and that makes him ineffective. However, the king appears to have problems with judgment especially when he seeks to judge the Knight of Heats unjustly when the Knight is accused of stealing the Queen's tarts.
The Cheshire Cat

The Cheshire Cat retains a prominent position in the story because he helps Alice comprehend the madness of Wonderland. Upon meeting Alice, the Cheshire Cat explains to her that nonsense controls Wonderland, and any attempt of her to create normality within it will be met with disorder. He notes that everyone in Wonderland — including Alice — is mad, perhaps because she attempts to bring order and reason to a disordered and unreasonable place. The Cheshire Cat’s wisdom is a critical factor in helping Alice cope with life in Wonderland.

Unlike many other creatures in Wonderland, the Cheshire Cat displays bravery and composure in the fact of difficulty. The Cheshire Cat’s deep understanding of Wonderland has equipped him with strategies to survive and thrive in challenging, threatening, and unpredictable circumstances. In fact, the Cheshire Cat is one of the most respected figures in Wonderland. Moreover, nothing epitomizes the Cheshire Cat’s understanding of and harmony with Wonderland more than his enigmatic grin.

The Duchess
The Duchess is the Queen's cousin. The Duchess is uncommonly ugly, and that contributes to the manner in which other characters associated with her. At first, the Duchess treats Alice with contempt. However, she, later on, changes her attitude towards Alice, and that sudden change makes Alice even more uncomfortable with her.
The Caterpillar
The Caterpillar is presented in this story as a fantastic creature. In the initial encounter with Alice, the Caterpillar is found sitting on a mushroom while smoking hookah. In his contempt for Alice, the caterpillar directs Alice to eat various parts of the mushroom and cause changes to her size. Alice shrinks and grows extremely big when she eats parts of the mushroom.
The Mad Hatter
The hatter is in a perpetual tea-drinking party. The Mad Hatter has developed a habit of continually enjoying Alice.
The March Hare
Just like the Mad Hatter, the March Hare is also involved in an unending tea party. Just likes her companion, the Mad Hatter, this animal likes frustrating Alice.
The Dormouse
The Dormouse is one of the three creatures that are involved in the continuous tea drinking party. It appears that the Dormouse cannot keep concentrating as he keeps drifting in and out of sleep while at the table with his friends.
The Gryphon
The Gryphon is one of the servants attending to the Queen. It is not long before the Gryphon strikes a relationship with Alice and is sent by the Queen to escort Alice to go and listen to the story from the Mock Turtle.
The Mock Turtle
The Mock Turtle is a strange animal in this story. The Mock Turtle is presented as a turtle that has the head of a calf. While it is evident that the Mock Turtle is friendly to Alice, it is overly sentimental over a lot of issues, and that affects its relationship with Alice.
Alice's sister
Alice's sister is the only character that is expressed to have had interaction with Alice outside the wonderland. The two appear at the beginning of a boring book, and that is where Alice drifts to wonderland. As the story closes, the sister keeps thinking about what Alice has told her with regards to her experiences in the wonderland.
The Knave of Hearts
The Knave is one of the attendants of the Queen. Aspersions have been cast on the personality of the Knave when she is accused of stealing from the Queen.
The Mouse
The mouse is the creature that introduces Alice to the wonderland. Although initially frightened of Alice, the mouse, later on, becomes fond of Alice and the two have a great relationship.
The Dodo
The Dodo is another interesting creature in the wonderland. The Dodo is often using complex words although he is accused of not knowing their meanings. It is the Dodo that came up with the idea of starting the Caucus race.
The Cook
The Cook is the Duchess's servant. The Cook uses a lot of pepper in her cooking, and she ends up making the people sneeze. It is also evident that cook is hot-tempered and occasionally throws objects towards the Queen when she is in her tempers. Additionally, during the trial, the cook refuses to give evidence.
The Pigeon
The pigeon sees Alice as a serpent during their first meeting. Alice has grown so tall that the pigeon feels that Alice is the serpent that is preying over her eggs.
Bill is the lizard that first appears as the servant of the White Rabbit. However, Bill appears as one clueless and stupid animal. During the trial, Bill acts as a juror although he does not do much to help the proceedings.
The Frog-Footman
One of the most clueless animals in the jungle is The Frog Footman. The Footman believes that there is nothing that makes sense in the jungle.
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