Animal Farm
George Orwell

by contributor

Sharon Fleming

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Context

The primary aspect to note about the Animal Farm is that it is an allegory. George Orwell has brilliantly used the names of animal and situations to represent the names of other people or objects and situations to avoid talking directly about the subjects. Primarily, Animal Farm talks about the Russian Revolution and the events that marked the early years of the Soviet Union.  In work, Communism is referred to as Animalism while Russia, as a country, is represented by the Manor Farm. Mr. Jones, who is the farmer in this farm, represents the Russian Czar. On the other side, the Old Major represents either Karl Max or Vladimir Lenin. In the book, there is a pig by the name Snowball. This pig represents Leon Trotsky, the Russian intellectual revolutionary. Additionally, Stalin is represented by Napoleon while the dogs are Stalin's police. Finally, the Horse Boxer represents the working class whose primary duty is to develop the economy.

George Orwell has created this work around a world that only exists in human memory, dystopia. It is unlike Utopia which is established on an ideas society or state. Over the years, the line, "All Animals Are Equal / But Some Are More Equal than others" has represented the face of this work. It is the single phrase with which most people associate this work. A lot of people have interpreted the line to represent the changes that occurred to Russia after the 1917 revolution. One of the primary aims of the Russian Revolution was to overthrow capitalist mode of production. However, the war only led to the creation of another hierarchy.

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