Animal Farm
George Orwell

by

Sharon Fleming

Motifs
Motifs are devices or structures that are used by artists or authors to help in the development of a theme.
Songs
Songs have been used on several occasions in Animal Farm. Some of the songs in the novel include Old Major's ‘Beasts of England,' the chanting of the sheep as well as the anthem, "Animal Farm, Animal Farm." An examination of all of these songs indicates that they are used as propaganda tools while ultimate objective is to gain control over the people. Additionally, there are times in which the songs have been used as a source of inspiration to the animals so they may concentrate on the tasks that are before them.
State Ritual
Several transitions occur in the Animal Farm. One of the transitions is the shift of gear from the pre-revolution ideals to the post-revolution period in which Napoleon seeks to consolidate his political power and social control over the animals. During this time, Napoleon has instituted several rituals whose aim is to consolidate his power in the farm. There are military parades as well as awards and gunshots that mark different occasions. Napoleon has brilliantly used these ceremonies to extract loyalty from the animals.
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