Homo Deus
Yuval Noah Harari
Contributed by Andrea Barraza
Themes
Themes are described as ideas that dominate a particular piece of literature. In almost all cases, pieces of literature will be centered a theme or a number of them.
Knowledge is (Human) Experience
How people gain information about certain truths has changed with the advancements in humanism. For instance, in Medieval Europe, knowledge is equivalent to logic and scriptures. During the scientific revolution era, the was an improvement in knowledge as it was defined by mathematics and empirical data (Slaughter 132). While the era of scientific revolution showed an improvement from the Medieval Europe era, it lacked essential elements such as meaning and value. Subsequent improvements came with the application of the humanist approach came the development of sensitivity and experiences. These experiences helped human beings to improve upon their sensitivity, emotions, and sensations. The humanism approach depicts life as a method of moving away from ignorance. It also aims to show a way of attaining inner change.
Socialist, Liberal, and Evolutionary Humanism
The book shows that humanism is divided into three main branches: the socialist humanism; liberal humanism; and evolutionary humanism. Socialist humanism perceives people having a capacity to use their self-exploration in a way that will enable them to attain success in their lives (Slaughter 133). For liberal humanism, all human beings are considered to be valuable to one another, where they can use their experiences to influence some of the activities that are deemed important by people around the world (Guyer 16). Finally, evolutionary humanism draws its roots from the Darwinian Evolutionary theory, specifically where natural selection and conflict continues to evolve humanity.
Crowds, Not Individuals
One of the threats to humanism is that they are likely to matter in aggregate, and not likely to garner much success individually. Science suggests that human beings are currently less unique as compared to algorithms. Their characteristics are also shaped by both the environmental and genetic factors (Slaughter 135). However, external algorithms are likely to know human beings far better than they know themselves. Algorithms are also deemed important as they are less likely to enslave human beings. They can make human beings realize their importance as one unified form, where they can improve upon their intelligence.
Losing Ourselves
There is a question of whether human beings will lose their way by having a loss of conscience, especially with the use of data and technology. Human beings are being turned into superior, non-conscious algorithms (Slaughter 134). In spite of the negative concepts that may be associated with data, there is still no clear indication that it will overtake humanism. The Homo sapiens have generally advanced in a way that improves on their perception of the world around them, as well as the value they have for it.
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