Summary: Book 5
Pandarus wounds Diomedes, the Achaean hero, as the battle rages. Diomedes offers prayers to Athena, asking for revenge, and the goddess gives him extraordinary strength and the superhuman power to discern gods present on the battlefield. However, she warns him to refrain from challenging any of them, with the exception of Aphrodite. Diomedes kills every Trojan he meets, fighting in an extraordinary way. He slays the overconfident Pandarus. He also wounds Aeneas, a Trojan hero mentioned in the Aeneid by Virgil. Aphrodite tries to help her son, Aeneas, but Diomedes cuts her wrist, causing her to return to Mount Olympus. Dione, Aphrodite’s mother, heals her. Zeus says that Aphrodite should not take part in warfare again. With Aphrodite gone, Apollo tries to tend to Aeneas, but Diomedies attacks him, too. This aggressive action constitutes a breach of the agreement Diomedes has with Athena. Athena has limited Diomedes to challenging no god but Aphrodite. Apollo gives Diomedes a stern warning. He pushes him aside and then removes Aeneas from the field. Apollo leaves a replica of Aeneas’s body on the battlefield, hoping that it will affect his comrades. Additionally, he rouses the god of war, Ares, to fight with the Trojans.
With the gods’ assistance, the Trojans start being able to enjoy the upper hand in battle. Ares and Hector are too much for Achaeans to handle. Even Diomedes is frightened by the sight of a god and hero fighting side by side. Sarpedon, a Trojan, kills Tlepolemus, an Achaean. Odysseus kills entire lines of Trojans in response to this. Hector then kills more Greeks. Athena and Hera appeal to Zeus, and he provides permission to intervene on the Achaeans’ behalf. Hera rallies the remainder of the Achaean troops, and Athena provides Diomedes with encouragement. She takes back her earlier instruction to refrain from attacking any god except Aphrodite, and she even gets into the chariot to challenge Ares. She charges at Ares with the chariot. A tremendous collision occurs, and Ares is wounded by Diomedes. Ares promptly departs to Mount Olympus and offers his complaints to Zeus. Zeus says that Ares deserved to be injured. Hera and Athena also leave the scene of the battle.
Summary: Book 6
The gods are absent, and the Achaean forces are again successful in overwhelming the Trojans. The Trojans move back in the direction of the city. Menelaus thinks about taking a ransom in return for Adrestus’s life. Adrestus is a Trojan he has successfully subdued. However, Agamemnon pushes him to kill the man right away. Nestor realizes that the Trojans are becoming weaker and encourages the Achaeans not to spend any time stripping the weapons off their fallen enemies . He thinks that they should make their focus killing as many of the enemy as possible while they’re still able to do so. The Trojans believe that they will experience downfall, and Helenus, the soothsayer, encourages Hector to go back to Troy to ask Queen Hecuba, his mother, in addition to her noblewomen, to pray at the temple of Athena for mercy. Hector follows this advice, and he gives his mother and the noblewomen what they must do. He subsequently visits Paris, his brother, who is now withdrawn from battle, claiming that grief will now allow him to participate. Hector and Helen are contemptuous of Paris for not fighting and they show their scorn. Paris eventually decides to return to battle. Hector also gets ready to return to the fighting but he decides to first visit his wife, Andromache. He finds Andromache nursing Astyanax, their son, by the city’s walls. As Andromache holds the child, she shows her anxiety as she sees the occurrences on the plains located below. Andromache pleads with Hector not go return to the battle. He insists, however, that he is unable to escape his fate. Astyanax is at first scared of the crest on Hector’s helmet, but he is happy to see his father. Hector kisses his son. Hector subsequently departs. As she is certain that Hector will soon die, Andromache starts to mourn his death. As he is leaving the city, Hector sees Paris. The brothers get ready to again take part in battle.