The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
Lyman Frank Baum
Contributed by Sharon Fleming
Chapter 22

Dorothy needs to pass through one more hurdle before they reach the Witch of the South. They have to deal with the Hammer Heads. It is a tribe of beings who do not have arms. They also have stretchable necks and use their heads like clubs. They have no way of passing through them until the Scarecrow remembers that Dorothy has the last chance to summon the Winged Monkeys. Dorothy calls the Monkeys, and they fly the travelers out of the land of the Quadlings. The inhabitants of the land wear bright red. Buildings in the area are painted the same color.


The Chapter shows that heads can be used as weapons. He brings in the concept of Hammer-heads to show how wild the men are and the effect that they are likely to have on people visiting the land. The Quadlings are not frightening and are good-nurtured. Baum also achieves the concept of not stereotyping the female characters presented in the chapter.

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